Breast reduction surgery is a cosmetic procedure which takes away breast tissue in order to provide the patient with a smaller cup size. There are many different reasons as to why a woman may elect to undergo a breast reduction, yet the most common is to improve their quality of life and lessen feelings of physical discomfort.
           
Breast size is determined by different factors, such as genetics, body structure, etc. Some women with larger breasts find that they experience a number of detrimental side effects as a result, such as chronic back, shoulder and neck pain. Other women elect for breast reduction in an attempt to make their breast size more proportional to their body frame.
           
During breast reduction surgery, the patient is first placed under anesthesia. An incision is made on the breast around the areola area, and excess fat and tissue is removed either surgically or via liposuction. Most breast reduction surgeries involve excess fat removal, reshaping of the remaining breast tissue and trimming away any excess skin that remains. In some cases, the nipple and areola may have to be temporarily removed and surgically repositioned.
           
Breast reduction surgery can result in swelling, which can be minimized by wearing supportive bandages or a sturdy bra following the procedure. Patients are often prescribed antibiotics to help reduce the risk of possible infection. While the pain level associated with recovery from breast reduction is less intense than other cosmetic procedures, mild to moderate discomfort can last for a few weeks.